The townsman class made up around 6-7% of the total population of Japan during the Edo period (Tanimura, 2011). Ogata Kōrin, Red and White Plum Blossoms. A Closed-Door Policy. The Edo period (1615–1868) in Japan saw the emergence of a new group of sophisticated art lovers, the townspeople, called chonin (“people of the blocks”). During the Edo period, the tea ceremony—both chanoyu and sencha, a different type of ritual for the preparation and enjoyment of steeped leaf tea—continued to flourish. Dog chasing. A portrait of St. Francis Xavier and Christianity in Japan. But once the Tokugawa bakufu moved in, Edo became the center of political and cultural life — so much so that the duration of Tokugawa rule is also known as the Edo period (1600-1868). This cultivated a distinct Japanese culture. In the Tokugawa period, the Japanese art forms popular among the Samurai began to flourish. This group included merchants and artisans, many of whom prospered in the booming economy that led to an increased demand for luxury goods. Scenes from The Tale of Genji. The economic/social change during the Genroku triggered one of the biggest changes in Japanese culture; the main audience shifted from the upper class such as the aristocrats to ordinary people. When you think of modern-day sushi, you likely imagine fancy restaurants with professional chefs and a menu that costs a small fortune. Edo Period Japan Fact #3: Sushi Was Considered Fast Food. Townsman class women were industrious and worked to direct their own future. Many worked alongside their husbands and fathers to improve the family business. These included tea ceremonies, rock gardens, flower arranging, and a unique Japanese painting style that was developed during Edo period. During the Edo era, Japan exercised a strict isolationist policy, closing its doors to all relationships with the outside world. 8 Daoist Immortals by Tani Bunchō : Tani Bunchō (1763–1841) was a Japanese literati painter and poet. Sencha , in particular, was integral to the literati culture. Most even went to school. Before Tokugawa Ieyasu, Edo was a remote fishing village of little significance. Funny enough, sushi was considered fast food for men who worked construction jobs during the Edo Period. For the first time in history, the general public, not aristocrats or Zen priests with intellectual backgrounds, was the impetus for new artistic creation. Genji Ukifune. Archery practice. Private school systems thrived during the Edo period. Japan’s Tokugawa (or Edo) period, which lasted from 1603 to 1867, would be the final era of traditional Japanese government, culture and society before the … Arts and humanities Art of Asia Japan Edo period (1615–1868) Edo period (1615–1868) Tea bowl with dragon roundels. Ukiyo-e, often translated as "pictures of the floating world," refers to Japanese paintings and woodblock prints that originally depicted the cities' pleasure districts during the Edo Period, when the sensual attributes of life were encouraged amongst a tranquil existence under the peaceful rule of the Shoguns. By the time of the Edo Period, the normalcy and humour found in sex, highly developed forms of sexual expressions, and the lack of moral or religious control all translated into an early modern culture that allowed shunga to flourish as a genre of popular art and sex to be open, fun and easily available. 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