It is not willing to take care of some subtle themes and … Its first leader was Polish aristocrat-turned-communist Felix Dzerzhinsky. A week later, the phrase “combating profiteering” was also added to the Cheka’s formal title. Collins English Dictionary. What is the definition of Cheka? CHEKA acronym or abbreviation means: C: Meaning of C in CHEKA. 5 years ago | 39 views. Within two years it had more than 100,000 employees. Copyright © HarperCollins Publishers. It surrounded villages and short peasants resisting the forced requisitions of grain, often leaving the peasants who remained alive without enough to eat. As the Bolsheviks expanded their definition of who was an enemy of the revolution, they also expanded the Cheka. Cheka Definition. Cheka. Lenin preferred to leave the Cheka’s operational details and methods to the man he chose to lead it: Felix Dzerzhinksy. Report. After 1922, Cheka groups underwent many reorganizations, as did the NKVD. The Cheka was the first Soviet state security organization. The Cheka now outdid itself in cruelty by setting up forced labour camps entirely under its control. It was created on December 20, 1917, after a decree issued by Vladimir Lenin, and was subsequently led by aristocrat-turned-communist Felix Dzerzhinsky. In the lead up to the October Revolution, he became one of Lenin’s most trusted lieutenants. In Armavir, they crushed their skulls by tightening a leather strap with an iron bolt around their head. According to historian Edward Peters, some of the torture methods employed by the CHEKA included beating, burning, branding and scalping. See more. This site is created and maintained by Alpha History. Each local Cheka had its own speciality. Dzerzhinsky was technically accountable to the Sovnarkom but only reported Cheka operations after they had taken place. Copyright: The content on this page may not be republished without our express permission. cheka . The Cheka was not accountable to judges or courts and there was no legal oversight of its operations. Cheka definition is - secret police (as in a Communist-dominated country) having virtually unrestrained power over life and death. The Cheka became a model for 20th century secret police agencies in totalitarian states, including the Gestapo (Nazi Germany), the Stasi (East Germany) and the KGB (Soviet Russia). How to use history in a sentence. This Russian Revolution site contains articles, sources and perspectives on events in Russia between 1891 and 1927. It contains 179,175 words in 288 pages and was updated on October 10th 2020. The first of a succession of Soviet state security organizations, created in 1917. WeTscheKa ist die Abkürzung für die Außerordentliche Allrussische Kommission zur Bekämpfung von Konterrevolution, Spekulation und Sabotage, die nach der Oktoberrevolution am 20. Cheka agents operated on their own accord, carrying out arrests, detention and executions. Playing next. The first Communist-government secret-police organization. Title: “The Cheka” Cheka bezeichnet: Cheka-Kloster (tib. The astonishing understanding of individuals, avoiding long conversations also undermines these. The Cheka was formed in the wake of the October 1917 revolution, as a small agency to investigate and deal with threats to the new regime. Publically gives the Cheka the right to deal with 'enemy agents, profiteers, marauders, hooligans, counter rev agitators and German spies' without going through the courtds.--> One day later 'saboteurs and other parasites is added' whom the Chekha should 'shoot on the spot' At the point of the Feb 21st 1918 document did would Cheka agents have an exact idea of who they were to target? Russian Revolution memory quiz – events 1907-1916, Russian Revolution memory quiz – events 1917, Russian Revolution memory quiz – events 1918-1924, Russian Revolution memory quiz – revolutionaries, Russian Revolution memory quiz – tsarists, Russian Revolution memory quiz: concepts (I), Russian Revolution memory quiz: concepts (II), Russian Revolution memory quiz: events 1906 to 1913, Russian Revolution memory quiz: events 1914 to 1916, Russian Revolution memory quiz: events to 1905. Cheka (Russian) n (Russian history) the secret police set up in 1917 by the Bolshevik government: reorganized in the Soviet Union in Dec. 1922 as the GPU (C20: from Russian, acronym of Chrezvychainaya Komissiya Extraordinary Commission (to combat Counter … Russian history. Its first leader was Felix Dzerzhinsky. Dzerzhinsky neither denied nor retreated from the Cheka’s brutal role, declaring that “we stand for organised terror, terror being absolutely indispensable in the current revolutionary conditions”. The Cheka is sometimes referred to as the Bolshevik ‘secret police’, though most Russians were well aware of its existence and activities. In its first two years, the Cheka executed 900 people suspected of trading on the black market. These troops policed and ran the Gulag system; "requisitioned" food; tortured and executed political opponents; put down rebellions and riots by workers or peasants, and mutinies in the desertion-plagued Red Army.[5]. Michael Kort. checa translation in Spanish - English Reverso dictionary, see also 'checar',chueca',Ceca',chechear', examples, definition, conjugation This infuriated Dzerzhinsky, who queried how it was possible for him to “crush counter-revolution with legal niceties”. It was created on 20 December 1917, after a decree issued by Vladimir Lenin.Its first leader was Polish aristocrat-turned-communist Felix Dzerzhinsky.. History. In Odessa, they chained their victims to planks and pushed them slowly into a furnace or a tank of boiling water. Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am 16. By early March 1918, there were only 120 Chekists (Cheka agents). All this was purposely done: to show Russians that the CHEKA was everywhere and dealt swiftly with those who betrayed or opposed the Bolshevik regime. The existence and activities of the CHEKA were widely known and many of its operations were conducted openly and publicly. Official figures have of course disappeared, but a conservative estimate states that between 1917 and 1923 at least 200,000 ‘dissidents’ were shot by the Cheka in labour camps, while another 300,000 died in the suppression of working-class movements, strikes and mutinies. Chekist; Translations Dzerzhinsky was loyal to the point of fanaticism and had been hardened by years of imprisonment. Many thousands of dissidents, deserters, or other people were arrested, tortured or executed by Cheka groups. History. It was formed by Vladimir Lenin in a December 1917 decree and charged with identifying and dealing with potential counter-revolutionaries. The full name of the Cheka in 1918 was (in Russian) the "All-Russian Extraordinary Commission for Combating Counter-Revolution, Profiteering and Corruption". This was sometimes done publicly, in order to provide a deterrent to those who might oppose the regime. Atlas » Learn more about the world with our collection of regional and country maps. It even suppressed strikes by factory workers, the presumed rulers of the ‘workers’ state’.” CHEKA agents also developed inventive but ghastly means of torture and psychological torment. On receiving the decree, Dzerzhinsky began recruiting Cheka agents. Date accessed: January 22, 2021 Cheka M. Hier finden Sie Imformationen über die Bedeutung und den Ursprung des afrikanischen Baby-Namens Cheka. Cheka definition, (in the Soviet Union) the state secret-police organization (1917–22), succeeded by the GPU. [2], By late 1918, hundreds of Cheka committees had been created in the cities. Cheka. It hunted down speculators and hoarders, sometimes cordoning off entire neighbourhoods during its massive operations. Like most significant aspects of the new regime, the Cheka began with a decree from Vladimir Lenin and the Sovnarkom, dated December 19th 1917. As opposition to the Bolshevik regime grew through 1918, so did the size and power of the Cheka. Cheka definition by Urban Dictionary. He chose Bolsheviks he could trust for the difficult task of securing the revolution, men who were neither corruptible nor squeamish. Publisher: Alpha History The Cheka was the Bolshevik security force or secret police. The Cheka routinely used extra-legal violence and torture. From that point, the Cheka was never restricted by the rule of law or any obligation to due process or the rights of suspects. Cheka translation in English-Swedish dictionary. Many thousands of dissidents, deserters, or other people were arrested, tortured or executed by Cheka groups. Dezember 1917 gegründete Staatssicherheit Sowjetrusslands, auf deren Tradition sich die politische Polizei der Ende 1922 gegründeten Sowjetunion berief. “Its original mandate was to root out the regime’s enemies: the counter-revolutionaries and saboteurs, enemy agents and speculators. In reality, not all of its operations were secretive or concealed. Any promotional content will be deleted. The Cheka is sometimes referred to as the Bolshevik ‘secret police’, though most Russians were well aware of its existence and activities. In Voronezh, they rolled their naked victims in nail-studded barrels. Plural Chekas can be found in Google Books. The name ‘Cheka’ was an abbreviated form of Chrezvychainaia Komissiia, the Russian for ‘Extraordinary Commission’. translation and definition "cheka", Swahili-English Dictionary online. Some Cheka killings were carried out more for public effect than any political purpose. Increases in anti-Bolshevik activity, the onset of the Civil War, the failed Left SR uprising of July 1918 and the assassination attempt on Lenin the following month saw the ranks of the Cheka grow exponentially. Copy to clipboard; Details / edit; omegawiki. Alexander Solzhenitsyn writes that some Cheka victims were force-fed large amounts of salted fish – but were prevented from drinking water. In 1921 the troops of the Cheka numbered 200,000. During its four year lifespan, the Cheka carried out arrests, interrogations, executions and campaigns entirely of its own accord. Does it refer to individual members of the Cheka? Cookies help us deliver our services. Welche Bedeutung hat der Name Cheka und welcher Herkunft ist er? More significantly, the Cheka operated outside the rule of law. According to Louise Bryant,  Dzerzhinsky adored Lenin and was “shy, aloof and deeply puritanical” – but he was also ruthless and dispassionate, hardened by years of abuse and persecution. Early Buddhist texts and modern translations. Lenin subsequently altered Soviet regulations so that the Cheka was required to notify the Commissariat of an arrest or execution after after it had happened, rather than before. Cheka Secret Police synonyms, Cheka Secret Police pronunciation, Cheka Secret Police translation, English dictionary definition of Cheka Secret Police. A favourite winter torture was to pour water on the naked victims until they became living ice statues. Citation information He also organised Cheka paramilitary units. The Cheka grows. The Cheka is often described as the ‘Bolshevik secret police’. Garb Slang. How do you use Cheka in a sentence? 2. Link to this page: Add or improve a definition. Given a virtual blank cheque, Dzerzhinsky ordered the recruitment of thousands of new agents. For example, President Vladimir Putin has been referred to in the Russian media as a "chekist" due to his career in the KGB. Among the targets of the Cheka were Russian nationalists who objected strongly… Follow. Initially very small with just a couple of hundred agents, the Cheka grew rapidly during the turmoil and growing opposition of 1918. Cheka was the first of a succession of Soviet state security organizations. This page was last changed on 19 January 2021, at 21:09. While the Cheka’s methods drew on those used by the Okhrana, its size and willingness to use extra-legal killing both surpassed the activities of the Tsarist security police. URL: https://alphahistory.com/russianrevolution/cheka/ On their own accord records of these methods were not kept so they are anecdotally and! Camps before his release during the 1917 amnesty operated outside the rule of law as did the size power... 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